24-Apr-2016.By: 'Machi Solomon
The most inspiring global health story of today’s event- #WorldMalariaDay invests in the fight against #Malaria. This event offers us an annual opportunity to highlight the advances in malaria control and to engage in the continued investment and action to accelerate progress against this deadly disease.
As adopted by the World Health Assembly in May 2015, this year’s theme “End Malaria for good” reflects the vision of a malaria-free world set out in the global technical strategy for malaria 2016-2030. The message is calling on everyone to join hands in the global fight to end Malaria for good. Everyone must be involved, one way or the other.
Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that are transmitted to people through the bites of infected female anopheles mosquitoes.Although unknown to many, the disease can also be spread to children during pregnancy as well as before and/or during childbirth. Malaria contracted at this time is called congenital malaria and is a cause of infant death and low birth weight.
The disease is commonly associated with poverty and has a major negative effect on economic development mostly in the tropical and subtropical regions such as Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
According to recent WHO’s World malaria report in 2015, there were 214 million cases of malaria worldwide. This resulted in an estimated 438,000 deaths, of which 90% occurred in Africa. Between 2000 and 2015, malaria incidence among populations at risk fell by 37% globally; during the same period, malaria mortality rates among populations at risk decreased by 60%. An estimated 6.2 million malaria deaths have been averted globally since 2001. In 2013, there were 528 000 deaths from malaria and about 78% of these were in children under 5 years of age.
Malaria is caused by the bites from the female Anopheles mosquito, which then infects the body with the parasite Plasmodium. When an infected mosquito bites a human host, the parasite enters the bloodstream and lays dormant within the liver. For the next 5-16 days, the host will show no symptoms but the malaria parasite will begin multiplying asexually.
Symptoms of malaria include fever, chills, headache, vomiting, muscle aches, sweats followed by a return to normal temperature, with tiredness; which usually appear between 10 to 15 days after the infected mosquito bite. If not treated, malaria can quickly progress into severe illness, often leading to death.
Malaria is not only preventable but curable if diagnosed early with prompt and effective treatment. Several medications are available for chemoprevention but one must combine his/her medication with personal protective measures such as;
In order to eliminate the Plasmodium parasite from the patient’s bloodstream, malaria must be treated, if not it can be fatal. According to WHO, Malaria is treated withantimalariala drugs which can be obtained by healthcare services.
We recommend E-mal, and advise that you talk to your doctor about E-mal our anti-malaria drug to patients with malaria. E-mal is a third generation Artemisinin derivative. It is the first third generation artemisinin injectable to be introduced in the Nigerian market. E-mal kills malaria parasite at the blood stage and is used to treat of chloroquine resistant Plasmodium Falciparum malaria.
There is no doubt that prevention is better than cure, let’s ensure we have a clean surrounding, make use of mosquito nets, and indoor residual spray. Remember! malaria can fatal if not treated on time. Hence, let’s all (governments, healthcare professional. Communities, families and individuals) collectively put increased measures, efforts and investments in place and #EndMalariaForGood.
Last Updated: 13-Jul-2017 10:09 AM
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